Female-to-male surgery is a type of sex reassignment surgery, which is also called gender affirmation surgery or gender-affirming surgery. In this article, we describe female-to-male gender-affirming surgeries. We also discuss recovery and what to expect from a transgender penis. Before having female-to-male gender-affirming surgery, a person will receive testosterone replacement therapy. A person undergoing surgery to transition from female to male typically has a subcutaneous mastectomy to remove breast tissue. The surgeon will also make alterations to the appearance and position of the nipples. A person may wish to undergo this type of surgery if they are uncomfortable having a uterus, ovaries, or fallopian tubes, or if hormone therapy does not stop menstruation. A bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, or BSO, involves the removal of the right and left fallopian tubes and ovaries.
What to expect
Sex reassignment surgery SRS refers to a variety of surgical techniques used to change the bodies of people who have gender dysphoria. The surgeries involved in sex reassignment are also referred to as gender confirming surgery, gender reassignment surgery GRS or sex change surgery. Gender dysphoria, also known as transgenderism or gender identity disorder GID , is a condition in which a person feels a major mismatch between their biological sex and their gender identity. It is not a type of mental illness, although it was wrongly believed to be one in the past. People with gender dysphoria can be treated with counselling, hormone therapy and sex change surgical procedures. Not every transgender individual requires or wishes to undergo sex change surgery.
Reasons for choosing to have male to female sex reassignment surgery
Background : The frequency of gender identity disorder is hard to determine; the number of gender reassignment operations and of court proceedings in accordance with the German Law on Transsexuality almost certainly do not fully reflect the underlying reality. There have been only a few studies on patient satisfaction with male-to-female gender reassignment surgery. Results : Conclusion : The very high rates of subjective satisfaction and the surgical outcomes indicate that gender reassignment surgery is beneficial.
Background: The prevalence of persons who are born with primary and secondary male sexual characteristics but feel that they are female trans women is ca. In this article, we provide a detailed overview of the currently available data on quality of life after male-to-female sex reassignment surgery. The number of trans women in each study ranged from 3 to Their mean age was Seven different questionnaires were used to assess postoperative quality of life. The findings of the studies permit the conclusion that sex reassignment surgery beneficially affects emotional well-being, sexuality, and quality of life in general. In other categories e. All of the studies were judged to be at moderate to high risk of bias.